Country Information

The Republic of Chile is a country occupying a long, narrow strip between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Along with Ecuador, it is one of two countries in South America that do not border Brazil. The Pacific coastline of Chile is 48,709 miles.
The shape of Chile is a distinctive ribbon of land 2,700 miles long and on average 109 miles wide. Its climate varies, ranging from the world’s driest desert – the Atacama – in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the center, to a rainy temperate climate in the south. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.

Culture:

The Chilean Culture reflects the homogenous population and the geografical isolate position the fairly country has in Latin America. Since the colonial days, the Chilean culture has been a mixture of local indigenous (mainly Mapuche)elements and Spanish colonial elements.

The huasos (Chilean cowboys) of Central Chile, their music and dance are an important element in the Chilean culture, though also the uses and rites of each region are very different. Regions like the north and Easter Island have their own rituals and culture that is very different from the rites and rituals from the central mainland.

Nature:

The wildlife of Chile has a diverse range of animals and plants, due to the country’s slender and elongated shape, which spans a wide range of latitude, and also its altitude, ranging from the windswept coastline of the Pacific coast on the west to northern Andes to the sub-Antarctic, high Andes mountains in the east. There are many distinct ecosystems.
Chile has over 100 protected areas covering a total area of 14.5 million hectares (20% of the country) in 36 National parks, 49 National Reserves, and 15 National Monuments. In the southern part of Chile, 50 percent of the flora (part of temperate rain forest called the Valdivian forests) is endemic which is a unique feature in the world. The Chilean bellflower is the national flower, Andean condor, is the national bird, and taruca or South Andean huemul, is the national animal of Chile.

Climate:

The climate of Chile comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large geographic scale, extending across 38 degrees in latitude, making generalizations difficult. According to the Köppen system, Chile within its borders hosts at least seven major climatic subtypes, ranging lowdesert in the north, to alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and southeast, humid subtropical in Easter Island,Oceanic in the south and Mediterranean climate in central Chile. Moreover, there are four seasons in most of the country: summer (December to February), autumn (March to May), winter (June to August), and spring (September to November).

Current Time & Date:

UTC/GMT -4 hours

Currency:

Peso Chileno

Languages:

Spanish

Food & Drinks:

Being such a long country stretched over a variety of landscapes, Chile has a vast range of food and drinks, but typical meals in Chile consist mainly of lots of meat, especially beef and chicken, rice and potatoes, fresh fruit and vegetables from the fields of Central Chile. Even though seafood could be the common daily meal in Chile with its 5.000 km long coast, it is not. But you will surely find a fresh seafood selection on every menu.

Money:

The peso is the currency of Chike, identified by the letters CLP preceding the amount in the same way as many countries using dollar currencies. It is subdivided into 100 centavos.The Chilean Peso is fairly stable due to the strong positon Chile has in the international market

Almost any restaurant or shop accepts USD or Euros and in most you can pay by credit card. Furthermore, in almost any ATM you can get cash with a normal Visa card.

Health:

Chile has a a public and a private health sector. You may find that even though public health service is good, the attention in the private service is better and has less delay. Most hospitals have highly-trained personnel, many of whom have studied abroad. In some parts of the country, the hospitals may not have the most up-to-date equipment, but what is available is adequate for emergency situations.

Visa:

Holders of passports of all European countries can visit Argentina without a visa for up to 90 days.
Citizens of the US, Canada and Australia can visit Chile without a visa for up to 90 days but they must first pay the reciprocity fee online.

International Airports:

The busiest and most important international airport Chile is Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez
Furthermore, there are several other smaller international and national airports all over the country.

Flag of Chile

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Country Stats

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Capital: Santiago
Currency: Chilean peso
Population: 17.62 million
Official language: Spanish