Costa Rica´s territory is so small that it encompasses only 0,03% of the planet´s surface. However, it is still within the top 20 richest countries in biodiversity on Earth in terms of species density. It means that it is possible to find more species in 1,000 km2 in Costa Rica that in the same area in countries like Brazil or Colombia. Let´s use Brazil as an example. Despite being 166.6 times bigger than Costa Rica, Brazil averages 6.5 plant species, 0.2 bird species and 0.05 mammal species per 1.000 km2. Meanwhile, Costa Rica averages 234.8 plant species, 16.9 bird species and 4.6 mammal species in that same 1.000 km2. In fact, with only 51.100 km2 of total territory, Costa Rica has nearly half a million species, representing 4% of the planet´s expected biodiversity. Are you ready to discover it?
The richness of Costa Rica stems from the cultural diversity of its people. Throughout its history, waves of immigrants have added to the pre-Hispanic native populations, settling on this land and making it their home.
Presently, in addition to the majority Mestizo demographic, there are several colonial and national immigrant ethnicities that have restored their unique cultural heritage. For example, African descendants, Chinese, Hebrews, Lebanese, Italians, etc., as well as native people of Bribi, Cabécar, Maleku, Teribe, Boruca, Ngöbe, Huetar and Chorotega. Costa Ricans are proud to have had more than a century of democratic tradition and more than 50 years without a military. This was abolished in 1948, and the money that the country saves from not having armed forces is invested in improving the quality of life of its citizens. This contributes to the social peace that makes Costa Rica a welcoming place to visit.
Although Costa Rica is a small territory, it makes up about 5% of the earth’s biodiversity. Fortunately, this natural treasure is protected by the National System of Conservation Areas, preserving a total of 25% of the national territory. Visitors can enjoy the country’s majestic volcanoes, Pacific and Caribbean beaches, tropical dry, wet, and rain forests, as well as exhilarating jungle landscapes, all without traveling long distances. It gives us great pleasure to invite you to visit our natural wonders.
In general, the climate in Costa Rica is very pleasant not only during the dry season, which extends from December to April but also during the rainy season, which runs from May to November. During the rainy season rain can be expected in the afternoons, on the other hand the mornings are usually sunny. Costa Rica has a tropical climate with an average temperature of 22 degrees C (72 degrees F) that increases considerably on the coastal areas. The changes in temperature are considerable and due to the short distances in this relatively small country, they can all be experienced in just one day.
Current Time & Date:
Central Standard Time (CST) -0600 UTC
The Costa Rican currency is called Colon. US dollars and major credit cards are widely accepted.
Costa Rica’s official and predominant language is Spanish.
Food & Drinks:
Costa Rican cuisine is a blend of Native American, Spanish, African and many other cuisine origins. Dishes such as the very traditional tamale and many others made of corn. Those are the most representative of its indigenous inhabitants, and similar to other neighbouring Mesoamerican countries. Spaniards brought many new ingredients to the country from other lands, especially spices and domestic animals. Later in the 19th century, the African flavour lent its presence with influence from other Caribbean mixed flavours. This is how Costa Rican cuisine today is very varied, with every new ethnic group who had recently become part of the country’s population influencing the country’s cuisine.
1 Jan New Year’s Day
11 Apr Juan Santamaría’s Day
Flexible Holy Week)
1 May Labor Day
25 Jul The annexation of Guanacaste Province
2 Aug Virgen de los Angeles Day
15 Aug Mothers Day
15 Sep Independence of Costa Rica
25 Dec Christmas Day
Costa Rica provides universal health care to its citizens and permanent residents. Costa Rica offers some of the best health care in Latin America. Both the private and public health care systems are always being upgraded. New hospitals, new clinics, new equipment, and improvement in staff and training. “Statistics from the World Health Organization frequently place Costa Rica in the top country rankings in the world for long life expectancy.” This is because of the slower pace of living, the healthy and non-preservative foods, and the tropical climate. “The UN (United Nations) has ranked Costa Rica’s public health system within the top 20 worldwide and the number 1 in Latin America!”
Welcome to Costa Rica! To visit our country there are some requirements that must be met, depending on the country of origin. Moreover, visitors to Costa Rica must have a valid passport as well as proof that they will be exiting the country before their visa or entry stamp expires, usually within 90 days. However, all travelers must have either a return ticket or a ticket showing they will be exiting the country, commonly referred to as an “outbound, exit or onward ticket.”
Juan Santamaría International Airport – San José, Alajuela.
Daniel Oduber International Airport – Liberia, Guanacaste.
Tobías Bolaños International Airport – Pavas, San José.
Limón International Airport – Limón, Limón.